Pitfall #2: Second Grade
Second graders are introduced to long addition. Those who did not understand carry and borrow in first grade will not learn how long addition works. This is a common place where second graders begin to fall behind. In early September, try to incorporate adding numbers in games. For example, adding numbers on registration plates can be a fun game during a long weekend drive.
Students who learned to add multiple numbers will begin to understand the structure of multiplication. The idea clicks from doing everyday activities such as figuring out how many cookies they need to purchase for a family of four.